Thursday, February 4, 2016

Conscious And Unconscious Motivation

Unconscious motivation - According to Sigmund Freud’s theories of human behavior, he asserts that most of human behavior is as a result of desires, impulses, and memories that have been repressed into an unconscious state, but control human actions.

He believed that our minds consists of a tiny conscious part that is always available for direct observation and subconscious part that is responsible for determining human behavior. For example when someone displays negative attitude towards something, he/she is always expressing his unconscious feelings of dislike.

On the other hand Freud said that repressed memories and desires are the major cause of mental disorders and that people who suffer from this, must be assisted to bring back their conscious thoughts. Research has shown that task performance is affected by motivation. By providing performance incentives it decreases the estimate of unconscious processes (Philiph M.Merikle:94-113, 1999).

Process dissociation has shown that when performing a task following exclusion instructions, one is not supposed to use perceived or remembered information in their responses. Performance here is determined by a number of times participant fail to comply This can clearly explain how unconscious people behaves.

According to Maslow, unconscious motives and behaviors can be complicated to ones life and to prevent this, it is always important to realize that unconscious motives exists and know how to control them. Psychoanalysis has shown that some people, for example in work place may be performing poorly than others because they posses unconscious feeling of aggression towards authority figures in their work place.

 Conscious motivation - Being conscious is to be aware of ones environment and existence, thoughts and sensation.-on the other hand conscious motivation is relatively different from unconscious motivation. New studies by neuroscientists, philosophers and psychologists studied to try and understand emotion and its contribution to the functioning of consciousness.

When we are conscious about something we are able to get into a position where we can solve our problem and at the sane time come up with a better solution (TroyA.W 96-116).

Process dissociation procedure that has been used to experiment the effect of motivation in both conscious and unconscious processes to task performance, has clearly shown that, when provided with incentives, the results for the perception task indicated that incentives increased the participants' ability to exclude previously presented information, which in turn both increased the estimate of conscious processes (Ernest R. Hilgard, 90-113)

Performance in conscious motivation is measured by giving out inclusive instructions; participants are asked to use their perceived or remembered information to give out their results. Performance is measured by a number of times they comply with instructions.

From the findings of both conscious and unconscious motivation it can be concluded that process dissociation procedure is relatively immune to influences of motivation when used with a memory task. Behavior orientation is one of the defining characteristic of human beings.

From the research on conscious and unconscious motivation it has been indicated how psychological mechanisms are involved in the planning and execution of motivated social behavior (Kipling D. Williams, social motivation, 34-45).

About the Author 

LindaMiller The author has academic writing experience of over ten years. She holds a PHD in education from Harvard.

Tuesday, August 5, 2014

What Is Positive Motivation?

When you were a child, you were subject to two kinds of motivation – positive motivation and negative motivation. When you did something bad, you were scolded and that was an example of negative motivation. But, when you did something good, you were rewarded, maybe with a smile or a hug, or even a gold star on the fridge. That positive motivation made you want to keep doing good things, yet sometimes negative motivation angers the recipient so much that they only keep doing the bad ones.

Schools have long known that a system of positive motivation techniques is far more effective at keeping children in line. By using a system of rewards for even the most minute positive behavior, children are more apt to pay attention, do the right thing, and help others. The same is true for adults. A salesperson who works on commission is being rewarded in much the same way – the better job they do, the more money they make.

You can also use positive motivation to alter your own behavior, and for us adults that usually means how much we eat or drink, whether we smoke or not, or if we are sticking to our exercise plan. For you, it might mean taking control of your financial situation. Whatever the problem or issue that you need to change, using positive motivation as a way to do it is always the best way.

In other words, if you need to lose weight, instead of denying yourself and punishing yourself with more exercise every time you eat too much, think about putting a reward out there a few month’s ahead, like a vacation or that pair of shoes you have always wanted. By rewarding yourselfPsychology Articles, you will be more apt to continue doing whatever it is that you need to be doing.

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Carla Kaplan is a writer and researcher on positive motivation. Save time and money by getting FREE in-depth information and helpful tips here: Eof737's Mirth and Motivation

Monday, October 19, 2009

5 Types Of Motivation Drive You Towards Your Goals

Have you ever asked yourself what motivation is? It could be defined as the driving force that leads to an action. There is probably no better definition. It is the encouraging feeling that helps you to work towards your goals. Some of us consciously work towards motivating the self towards working better, while others simply do this automatically.

Some of us make an effort to justify our existence while others do this subconsciously. All of us have different factors that motivate us, so we need to understand that our unique personalities require unique kinds of motivation. Some of the kinds of motivation are as follows:

A. Achievement motivation: All of us have an in built desire to achieve something in life, and what we feel we need to achieve is relative to who we are as persons. What is easy for one to achieve could be difficult to another, but achievement is rarely looked upon as a factor. However, when you have this desire to achieve, and when you recognize it as a driving force, nothing is impossible once you put your mind to it.

B. Motivation from society: Some of us are motivated to do better in life simply because we want to move up the social ladder. Others may be motivated to do something so that they can remain in their peer group. School kids are often motivated to better at academics just so they do not lose their group of friends, out of the fear that they may be held back one year. This is a simple example of motivation from society.

C. Motivation from promised incentives: When you know that you are going to be rewarded for doing something right, you make sure you do it right. This is called incentive motivation. Companies throughout the world offer their employees rewards or bonuses for completing projects before the set deadline, and this encourages the workers to work harder towards the goal. This is an example of incentive motivation at work.

D. Motivation from fear: Companies often use fear of punishment to motivate their employees. This could be looked upon as the opposite of incentive motivation and companies often use both forms hand in hand. While you could be rewarded for doing something right, you could well be penalized for doing it wrong. This is not as negative as it may sound, and is an efficient way of keeping employees sharp, and on their toes.

E. Motivation for change: Some of us are motivated to work hard towards achieving our goals because we are not happy with our immediate surrounding, and would love to see a change here.

As must be evident by now, there are many kinds of factors that you could use to bring about a positive change. What works best for you however, can only be decided by your own self.